What is your state doing to address the digital divide?

Ari Howard

Apr 14, 2021 — 14 min read

A rundown of what each state is doing to get its residents connected.

Man deploying fiber cable

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In addition to the distribution of COVID-19 vaccines, 2021 is the year of broadband expansion. With internet access becoming an absolute necessity during the pandemic, all 50 states have begun investing in deploying broadband infrastructure and subsidizing the cost of internet access for low-income families. Find out what your state is doing to promote universal broadband access and how your state compares to the rest of the country. 

Alabama | Alaska | Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Connecticut | Delaware | Florida | Georgia | Hawaii | Idaho | Illinois | Indiana | Iowa | Kansas | Kentucky | Louisiana | Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | Michigan | Minnesota | Mississippi | Missouri | Montana | Nebraska | Nevada | New Hampshire | New Jersey | New Mexico | New York | North Carolina | North Dakota | Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon | Pennsylvania | Rhode Island | South Carolina | South Dakota | Tennessee | Texas | Utah | Vermont | Virginia | Washington | West Virginia | Wisconsin | Wyoming

Alabama 

Alabama is currently in the process of signing Senate Bill 215 into law. This bill will establish the Alabama Digital Expansion Authority, which will be responsible for creating a plan to connect all Alabama residents to high-speed internet in the most cost-efficient way. The group will also be responsible for upgrading future broadband networks and technological equipment. 

Alaska 

Two service providers in Alaska, Quintillion and GC, were awarded with over $46 million through the USDA Broadband ReConnect Program at the end of 2020. The providers are matching this grant with nearly $17 million, which means a total of $63 million will be invested into broadband expansion in Alaska. 

Arizona

In January 2021, Gov. Doug Ducey released a broadband proposal that includes investing $33.1 million to deploy approximately 195 miles of broadband conduit along I-40 to the California border. This investment is in addition to the $40 million the state invested in 2019 for deploying broadband conduit and fiber along I-17 and I-19. In addition to the $33.1 million proposal for deployment along I-40, the governor also proposed investing $10 million into Rural Broadband Development Grant Program, which is a program that helps accelerate the development of rural broadband infrastructure throughout Arizona. 

Arkansas

Arkansas was one of the many states that prohibited municipal governments from becoming their own broadband company for their local communities. However, in February, Arkansas’s congress passed bill SB74, which amends the state’s Telecommunications Regulatory Reform Act of 2013. This means removing nearly all barriers for municipal broadband companies in the state. 

California 

California plans to invest $354 million over the next five years to deploy broadband and invest in improved technology and infrastructure. Gov. Gavin Newsom introduced the California broadband Action Plan in 2020, which specifically focuses on making broadband affordable and available to all California residents. Gov. Newsom also released a 2021-2022 budget proposal to invest $1 million for state library access and $8 million toward the Corporation for Education Network Initiatives in California, which will provide broadband access to the state’s public libraries, community colleges, state universities and any other state-run educational institutions. 

Colorado 

Colorado created the Broadband Fund in 2016 to help connect residents to broadband. This has been achieved by providing grants to underserved communities through the Broadband Development Board. Within the past five years, the board has provided nearly $41 million in grants to a total of 51 projects. This money has connected over 25,500 rural households throughout Colorado. 

Connecticut 

Gov. Ned Lamont of Connecticut has set the goal of providing universal broadband access of 1 gig download speeds and 200 Mbps upload speeds to all Connecticut residents by 2027. In order to achieve this goal, the state’s Department of Energy and Environmental Protection will create a broadband office. This department will track broadband deployment policies and standards, improve broadband mapping, support municipal governments in creating their own broadband companies and more. 

In addition to Connecticut’s long-term plan to get its residents connected to broadband, Connecticut has also addressed immediate connectivity issues facing the state. For instance, Connecticut became the first state in December 2020 to provide a learning device to every PK-12 student in need of a computer for school. The state purchased 82,000 laptops and connected 44,000 households to the internet in order to ensure students would be able to learn remotely amid the COVID-19 pandemic. This initiative cost $43.5 million, which came from the state’s portion of the federal CARES Act. 

Delaware

In 2020, Delaware invested $20 million into expanding broadband service throughout the state. This money was used to subsidize the cost of internet service for low-income households and expand internet access in areas that are currently ‘internet deserts.’ This investment will help support Delaware’s goal of achieving high-speed internet access for all Delaware residents.  

Florida

In December 2020, the FCC awarded Florida’s largest internet providers with $191 million to expand broadband infrastructure to rural areas throughout Florida. Florida’s ISPs received this funding through the Rural Digital Opportunity Fund (RDOF), a program created in January 2020 to deploy broadband infrastructure to unserved rural communities. 

Georgia 

Gov. Brian Kemp released a broadband budget proposal in the beginning of 2021 which includes $40 million to create the Rural Innovation Fund. Kemp plans to invest $20 million for the 2021 fiscal year in order to deploy broadband infrastructure in rural areas throughout Georgia and then invest $10 million for each year going forward. 

Hawaii

The Department of Hawaiian Home Lands received $30 million from the federal government to expand fiber optic broadband infrastructure throughout Hawaii. Hawaii currently has a goal of providing “consistent, quality internet access” to all Hawaii residents by 2030. 

Idaho 

Idaho’s Gov. Brad Little has proposed to invest $54 million to expand broadband infrastructure to rural unserved and underserved communities. This proposal is part of a larger plan of economic development in Idaho, referred to as “Building Idaho’s Future.” 

Illinois 

In 2019, Gov. J.B. Pritzker started the Connect Illinois program, which was an initiative to deploy broadband infrastructure through the state. Through the Connect Illinois program, the state will provide $400 million for a broadband grant program. The state will also spend $20 million on the Illinois Century Network, which is an initiative to connect public K-12 and higher education institutions to high-speed internet. The first round of funding for these two programs began June 2020. 

Indiana 

Indiana lawmakers are currently in the process of passing various broadband expansion bills. As of March 2021, legislators have been looking into investing $50,000 toward the rural broadband fund for each certified county in Indiana.  

Iowa 

As of March 2021, the Empower Rural Iowa Grant Program has awarded over $15 million to internet providers in Iowa in order to deploy broadband infrastructure in rural areas that are currently unserved or underserved. 

Kansas 

Similar to many other states, Kansas has decided to allocate $60 million of its coronavirus relief funds that it received through the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act in April 2020 to expand broadband access throughout the state. The state will use this money to fund grant programs to deploy broadband in underserved areas and to help subsidize internet access for low-income families. 

Kentucky 

Gov. Andy Beshear’s 2021 budget proposal includes $50 million dedicated to broadband expansion in underserved communities. From Jan. 19 to Feb. 18 2021, the state collected data on internet access by creating the Kentucky Broadband Speed Test. Kentucky is now using the data it collected to determine which areas require broadband deployment. 

Louisiana 

With a federal grant of $3.1 million, Louisiana’s major local ISP, LUS Fiber, is now able to expand broadband infrastructure to underserved communities in St. Martin Parish, Iberia Parish and the city of Scott. LUS fiber is also expanding fiber internet to businesses around that area and plans to invest $700,000 of its own money into the project. LUS Fiber plans to take 18-24 months to complete these expansions. 

Maine 

Maine decided in July 2020 to invest $15 million in bond money into broadband expansion for unserved and underserved communities throughout the state. The funding goes through the ConnectMaine Authority and requires communities to apply for a grant. 

Maryland

Maryland is currently in the process of developing a statewide plan to ensure all Maryland residents have access to high-speed, affordable internet. Maryland plans to have a developed plan by July 1, 2022 and to achieve its goal of universal broadband access throughout the state by Dec. 31, 2026. Maryland is in the process of passing The Digital Connectivity Act of 2021 (SB0066), which will establish the Office of Digital Inclusion in the Department of Housing and Community Development. 

Massachusetts 

Through the Mass Internet Connect program, Gov. Charlie Baker plans announced in January, 2021 a $9 million initiative to expand broadband access in underserved communities. Major internet providers, including Comcast, Spectrum and Verizon will be given this investment to deploy broadband infrastructure in the most underserved parts of the state. 

Michigan 

Michigan plans to expand broadband access to 249,263 sites across the state by investing nearly $363 million in federal funding over the course of the next 10 years. This plan was announced by the Michigan Economic Development Corporation in December 2020. Michigan will receive this federal funding through the FCC’s RDOF.

Minnesota 

Under Gov. Tim Walz, the Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development will provide $20 million in broadband grants to a total of 39 projects across the state. Local governments receiving funding for broadband expansion are also investing their own money. Local governments have matched the $20 million state funding with $33 million. This money will improve broadband access to nearly 7,000 businesses, homes and institutions. 

Mississippi 

Mississippi will receive a portion of the $1 billion the fiber optic company C Spire is investing over the next four years for Gigabit broadband and 5G wireless expansion. (Alabama is the other state receiving a portion of this investment.) By 2025, C Spire plans to deploy fiber infrastructure within 1,000 feet of half of all Mississippi homes. C Spire also plans to provide 5G service to nearly 600 sites by 2025. This will give over 60% of the state 5G wireless service. 

Mississippi is also improving its broadband infrastructure through $75 million of federal Coronavirus Relief Funds. This funding was matched by other electric cooperatives for a total investment of $150 million. 

Missouri 

The FCC is providing 17 ISPs with a total of $346 million in funding to deploy broadband infrastructure to 199,211 locations in Missouri. The FCC released its funding decisions in December 2020. This was Phase I of the FCC’s RDOF auction.

Montana 

Through President Joe Biden’s American Rescue Plan Act, the state of Montana will receive nearly $2.7 billion of funding. Although Montana lawmakers have not decided how much of this funding will go toward broadband expansion, Department of Commerce Director Scott Osterman has proposed investing $350 million to increase broadband access for Montana residents. 

Nebraska 

Nebraska is currently in the process of passing Legislative Bill 388, which was first introduced Jan. 14, 2021. This bill would create the Broadband Bridge Program, which would distribute $40 million over the course of two years to expand broadband access to underserved and unserved communities. A community that does not meet the speed threshold of 25/3 Mbps is considered unserved and a community that does not meet the speed requirement of 100/25 Mbps is considered underserved. The goal of the Broadband Bridge Program would be to increase speeds in unserved and underserved communities to 100/100 Mbps. The state estimates that this $40 million investment will help connect 30,000 Nebraskans to broadband service. 

Nevada 

Through the USDA Reconnect Pilot Program, Nevada received $2.4 million in the beginning of 2020 to expand broadband infrastructure for rural Nevada residents. This funding will improve rural connectivity for 273 households, seven farms, seven businesses and a community facility in eastern Nevada. 

New Hampshire 

New Hampshire will allocate $50 million of its CARES Act Coronavirus Relief funding to increase broadband expansion. The funding will go toward The Connecting New Hampshire program, which is part of the federal government’s Emergency Broadband Expansion Program

New Jersey 

Gov. Phil Murphy announced a plan in July 2020 to invest $115 million to help close the digital divide in New Jersey. The state was able to launch the Digital Divide Grant that month, which provided $54 million to public schools struggling with internet and computer access. The remaining funding for Gov. Murphy’s digital divide plan is expected to come from philanthropic donations. 

New Mexico 

On March 3, 2021, New Mexico’s Senate passed Bill 93. The bill created the New Mexico Office of Broadband Access and Expansion in order to oversee plans for providing broadband access to all New Mexico residents. The state plans to spend $55 to $135 million in 2021 for broadband expansion projects and will have money appropriated for various broadband projects annually. 

New York 

Gov. Andrew Cuomo created a 2021 connectivity agenda which included a “first-in-the-nation” requirement for internet providers to offer a $15/mo. internet plan for qualifying low-income households. The goal of this requirement is to ensure that all households are able to afford internet service. New York will also create a website for residents to discover affordable internet plans in their area. The website will also provide reports on which parts of the state are experiencing coverage gaps and customers’ experience with different internet providers. 

North Carolina 

North Carolina is spending $30 million through the 2020 Special Supplementary Round of the Growing Rural Economies with Access to Technology (GREAT) Grant program in order to fund various broadband expansion projects. There are currently 18 broadband infrastructure projects in place that will help connect 15,965 households and 703 businesses in rural North Carolina to high-speed internet. One local provider, RiverStreet Wireless, was awarded $1.5 million through the GREAT Grant to connect 2,857 households and 61 businesses in Caswell County to broadband service. 

North Dakota 

The local ISP, Polar Communications, is using the $21.2 million it received from the United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) ReConnect program to expand broadband infrastructure to rural households and businesses across the state. Polar Communications received its first round of funding in January 2020. During that time, another local ISP, Daktel Communications, received $1.8 million, to expand broadband service to 400 households and three educational facilities through Jamestown, North Dakota. 

Ohio 

Ohio has plans to invest $290 million for broadband expansion between 2022 and 2023. Each year over the next two years, the state will invest $125 million on broadband infrastructure deployment grants and $20 million on residential expansion grants. This is one of the largest state-level broadband infrastructure investments in the country.  

Oklahoma 

Oklahoma also received funding from the USDA through the ReConnect program. Oklahoma will receive $26.4 million to invest in broadband deployment in unserved and underserved rural areas throughout the state. 

Oregon 

Oregon plans to invest $118 million in broadband expansion. Although not yet approved, Gov. Kate Brown’s broadband expansion proposal will focus on connecting both rural areas of Oregon and also communities that have been disproportionately affected by the pandemic to high-speed internet. Gov. Brown plans to allocate $10 million of the $118 million to connectivity for schools. 

Pennsylvania 

In December 2020, the FCC announced that it would provide Pennsylvania with $369 million for broadband expansion. The main focus of this investment is to connect rural residents to better internet service through the deployment of new broadband technology. This project is estimated to connect 327,000 Pennsylvania residents in approximately 185,000 unserved homes and businesses over the next 10 years. 

Rhode Island 

Rhode Island has received two sizable grants for broadband expansion. The state has received over $4.5 million from Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation for the purpose of Broadband Data & Development and has received over $62.5 million from the University Corporation for Advanced Internet Development for infrastructure deployment, particularly in underserved parts of the state. 

South Carolina 

The FCC announced in December 2020 that South Carolina will receive $121 million over the next 10 years for broadband expansion in rural areas. This money is from the Universal Service Fund and will help connect more than 108,000 households to the internet. 

South Dakota 

On March 29, 2021, Gov. Kristi Noem’s proposal of allocating $100 million for broadband expansion was approved. This money will mainly be for deploying infrastructure to underserved areas (any community with speeds below 100/20 Mbps) and will prioritize projects that can lead to additional investment through federal grants or private investments. 

Tennessee

Tennessee received a total of $61.1 million in emergency grants from the Coronavirus Relief Fund in August 2020. This money will fund various projects for broadband deployment. One of the biggest projects approved by the Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development was a $6.9 million grant that will go to the Volunteer Energy Cooperative. This organization will use its grant earnings to deploy broadband infrastructure in parts of Cumberland County, Meigs, Roane and Hamilton County. 

Texas 

Texas will receive a huge amount of funding from the federal government to expand broadband access. The state will receive $16.7 billion in Coronavirus State and Local Recovery Fund to deploy broadband infrastructure and local governments will likely receive an additional $10.4 billion. Online learning funding is also a big focus for Texas. The state will receive $12.4 billion to address online learning through The Elementary and Secondary School Emergency Relief Fund. Schools and libraries will also directly receive $7 billion to help connect students to the internet. 

Utah 

Gov.Spencer Cox has proposed to invest $50 million on broadband expansion. The main focus will be to deploy fiber optic infrastructure to underserved areas and to ensure all students are able to access the internet. This budget proposal was submitted in January 2021 and, if approved, will be applied to Utah’s 2022 budget plan. 

Vermont 

Vermont has approved a $150 million broadband plan. This money will come from anticipated federal funding and will be used to deploy broadband infrastructure, which has been a challenge for the state since Vermont is one of the lowest-density states in the country. The goal of this bill is to achieve universal broadband access across the state. 

Virginia 

One of Virginia’s primary focuses has been on expanding internet access to low-income students during the pandemic. In order to address this issue, Virginia passed Senate Bill 1225, which subsidizes the cost of internet for qualifying students. This would allow low-income families to only pay $9.95/mo. for internet access. This is an extremely affordable rate when compared to the $60/mo. the average American is paying for internet access. According to Sen. Jennifer Bokyso, 600,000 students will qualify for this subsidy program. 

Virginia is also providing up to $19 million in grants to help rural parts of Virginia get connected to the internet in 2021. This money is being distributed by the Virginia Department of Housing and Community Development (DHCD). 

Washington 

In October 2020, the Washington State Public Works Board announced they would be providing $18 million in grants and loans for broadband expansion. As of now, there are seven broadband construction projects underway to install broadband infrastructure in underserved communities throughout the state. 

West Virginia 

The federal government has agreed to provide West Virginia with $362 million to invest in broadband expansion throughout the state. This money will be given to internet providers to help them rollout broadband infrastructure. Although this funding is a great start for connecting rural communities to high-speed internet, many feel, including Del. Mick Bates of Raleigh County, that the state needs to do more than invest money; they also need to begin regulating providers. 

Bates explained, 

“The state is going to put millions of dollars down at these companies, without any regulatory framework to make sure they do the right thing, spend the money the right way, and people who don’t get what they need have nowhere to go to complain and get their questions answered.”

Wisconsin 

Wisconsin’s Gov. Tony Evers announced in January 2021 a 2021-2023 budget proposal of $200 million for broadband expansion. The majority of the funding ($150 million) would go toward grants for deploying broadband infrastructure and the rest would primarily go to subsidizing the cost of broadband for low-income households. 

Wyoming 

The Wyoming Business Council Board of Directors approved 37 broadband expansion projects which will cost $86 million. Wyoming is using the part of the money it received from the federal CARES Act to help deploy broadband infrastructure throughout the state. 

Gov. Mark Gordon commented, 

“This funding will help connect rural communities in Wyoming that may not have had the chance to get service otherwise. Now, the people in Wyoming’s most rural communities will be able to access the essential services they need to cope with the effects of COVID-19, and to access the opportunities that high-speed internet provides for years to come.”

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Ari Howard

Written by:

Ari Howard

Associate Writer, Broadband & Wireless Content

Ari is an Associate Writer for the Allconnect team, focusing on broadband and wireless news, as well as broadband and TV provider deals. She recently graduated from Davidson College with a bachelor’s degree in… Read more

Robin Layton

Edited by:

Robin Layton

Editor, Broadband & Wireless Content

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