- SpaceX hopes to begin launching the satellites from Florida next month
- Amazon, Google, Facebook and others are also working on plans for space internet
The Federal Communications Commission has approved a request from SpaceX to launch a constellation of internet-beaming satellites.
The network, which will be known as Starlink, could eventually beam broadband across the globe, dramatically improving high-speed internet coverage.
Current satellite internet systems are often criticized for high latency and unreliable connections.
However, Starlink will use a ‘constellation’ of satellites in low earth orbit. It says they would, in theory, provide internet all over the world.
The FCC ruling is a key move in making Elon Musk’s plan a reality.
“This approval underscores the FCC’s confidence in SpaceX’s plans to deploy its next-generation satellite constellation and connect people around the world with reliable and affordable broadband service,” SpaceX president Gwynne Shotwell said.
How will Starlink work?
Its goal is to beam superfast internet into your home from space.
Consumers will use a dish and modem to connect to the service.
While satellite internet has been around for a while, it has suffered from high latency and unreliable connections.
“Once fully deployed, the SpaceX system will pass over virtually all parts of the Earth’s surface and therefore, in principle, have the ability to provide ubiquitous global service,” SpaceX has previously said.
‘Every point on the Earth’s surface will see, at all times, a SpaceX satellite.’
How many satellites will Starlink use?
It allows the company to launch 1,584 of its satellites in a lower than previously planned orbit.
The original plan had called for 4,425 Starlink satellites at between 1,110 to 1,325 kilometers up.
However, after running two prototype satellite, called TinTin A and B, the firm decided flying them lower, at 550 kilometers above the surface of the Earth, was far easier.
Having the satellites lower will mean faster communication.
Above is a simulation built by Prof. Mark Handley of University College London, showing how the system could work.
What do SpaceX’s competitors think?
They aren’t happy, in a nutshell.
SpaceX competitors OneWeb and Kepler Communications both filed petitions to deny SpaceX’s request for a change to the FCC, saying they could cause interference, although their concerns were thrown out by the FCC.
“We find no reason to defer action on SpaceX’s modification request as requested by certain commenters,” the FCC wrote.
Recently Amazon also announced an ambitious plan to create 3,236 satellites for the same purpose, under a new initiative called Project Kuiper.